Managing Farms, Web Application and Content db


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Prepared by
Sriram Bala

SharePoint Practice




Microsoft SharePoint 2013 -

Managing Farms, Web Application and Content DB

Verified Against Build #15.0.4128.1014




Table of Contents


Services on Server for traditional topologies 4

Table: Service applications and Services on Server for traditional topologies 4

Farm management 8









Farm

SharePoint farm is a set of one or more server computers working together to provide SharePoint Foundation functionality to clients.

The SharePoint farm is basically the lowest level in the topology, right after the server hardware. You have one or multiple servers having SharePoint installed. The servers are connected through SharePoint and are all joined to the "SharePoint farm". The SharePoint farm could also just be one server, still it is the farm. There is only one farm per server, there cannot be multiple farms. Next to the servers running SharePoint itself, you also have one or multiple servers (cluster) running SQL Server holding the all data.

From the farm level you can go downwards in the topology (simplified):

  • On a farm you have one or multiple web applications

  • On a web application you have one or multiple site collections

  • On a site collection you have multiple sites/webs

  • On a web you have one or multiple subwebs

  • On a web/subweb you have one or multiple lists

  • On a list you have one or multiple list items.

The traditional three-tier roles of a Microsoft SharePoint2013 farm can be deployed on a single server for evaluation or development, or on many servers. The three-tier roles include the following.

Web server role

Fast, light-weight server that responds to user requests for web pages. All web servers in a farm are mirrors of each other and are load balanced.
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  • Hosts web pages, Web services, and Web Parts that are necessary to process requests served by the farm.

  • Directs requests to the appropriate application servers.

  • In dedicated services farms, this role is not necessary because web servers at remote farms contact application servers directly.

Application server role (Batch-processing server role)

Provides the service features of SharePoint products and technologies. An application server often provides all or a subset of service features. Multiple redundant application servers can be load balanced.

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  • In many farms, all services will run on two identically configured application servers for redundancy.

  • The Search service application automatically configures the necessary services on application servers. Using the Services on Server page is not necessary.

  • After deployment, look for services that consume a disproportionate amount of resources and consider placing these services on dedicated hardware.

Database server role

Stores content and service data. All databases can be assigned to one database server. Or databases can be spread across multiple servers. All databases can be clustered or mirrored for failover protection. In a small farm, server roles can be combined on one or two servers. For example, web server and application server roles can be combined on a single server or on two or more servers to provide redundancy.

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  • In a small farm environment, all databases can be deployed to a single server. In larger environments, group databases by roles and deploy these to multiple database servers.

Typical allocation of services to servers within the front-end and batch-processing roles. The front-end role revolves around the Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application service and is the primary service delivering content to the user.The services listed under the batch-processing role are best run separate from the front-end services.
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