An application, or application program, is a software program that runs on your computer. Web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games, and utilities


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NameAn application, or application program, is a software program that runs on your computer. Web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games, and utilities
A typeDocumentation

Technology Definitions
  1. Application: An application, or application program, is a software program that runs on your computer. Web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games, and utilities are all applications. The word "application" is used because each program has a specific application for the user. For example, a word processor can help a student create a research paper, while a video game can prevent the student from getting the paper done. While system software is automatically installed with the operating system, you can choose which applications you want to install and run on your computer. Macintosh programs are typically called applications, while Windows programs are often referred to as executable files. This is why Mac programs use the .APP file extension, while Windows programs use the .EXE extension. Though they have different file extensions, Macintosh and Windows programs serve the same purpose and can both be called applications.


  2. Browser: A browser is software that is used to access the internet. A browser lets you visit websites and do activities within them like login, view multimedia, link from one site to another, visit one page from another, print, send and receive email, among many other activities. The most common browser software titles on the market are: Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google's Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple's Safari, and Opera.
  3. Desktop: Your computer's desktop is much like a physical desktop. You probably keep a number of commonly used items on your desk such as pens, papers, folders, and other items. Your computer's desktop serves the same purpose -- to give you easy access to items on your hard drive. It is common to store frequently used files, folders, and programs on your desktop. This allows you to access the items quickly instead of digging through the directories on your hard drive each time you want to open them. You can customize your computer's desktop with the pattern or background image of your choice.


  4. Document: A document is a type of file that has been created or saved by an application. For example, a text file saved with Microsoft Word is considered a document, while a system library, such as a .DLL file, is not. Examples of documents include word processing files, spreadsheets, presentations, audio files, video files, and saved media projects. Each document has filename, which identifies the file. It also includes an icon, which visually identifies the program associated with the file. In most cases, the document icon is generated by the program that created the document. When you double-click a document icon, it will open in the corresponding application. Files can be opened, saved, deleted, and moved to different folders. They can also be transferred across network connections or downloaded from the Internet. A file's type can be determined by viewing the file's icon or by reading the file extension. If the file type is associated with a specific application, double-clicking the file will typically open the file within the program.

  5. File: A file is a collection of data stored in one unit, identified by a filename. It can be a document, picture, audio or video stream, data library, application, or other collection of data.

  6. Hard Drive: The hard drive is what stores all your data. It houses the hard disk, where all your files and folders are physically located. A typical hard drive is only slightly larger than your hand, yet can hold over 100 GB of data. The data is stored on a stack of disks that are mounted inside a solid encasement. These disks spin extremely fast (typically at either 5400 or 7200 RPM) so that data can be accessed immediately from anywhere on the drive. The data is stored on the hard drive magnetically, so it stays on the drive even after the power supply is turned off. The term "hard drive" is actually short for "hard disk drive." The term "hard disk" refers to the actual disks inside the drive. However, all three of these terms are usually seen as referring to the same thing -- the place where your data is stored. Since I use the term "hard drive" most often, that is the correct one to use.
  7. Icon: An icon on your computer screen represents an object or a program on your hard drive. For example, the folders you see on your desktop or in open windows are icons. The files that you see in those folders are also icons. The trash can on the Macintosh and the recycle bin on Windows are both icons as well. Icons are a visual representation of something on your computer. An icon that looks like a sheet of paper is probably a text document. By clicking and dragging icons, you can move the actual files they represent to various locations on your computer's hard drive. By double-clicking an application icon, you can open the program.

  8. Internet: Believe it or not, the Internet was created way back in 1969, during the Cold War, by the United States military. It was meant to be a "nuke-proof" communications network. Today, the Internet spreads across the globe and consists of countless networks and computers, allowing millions of people to share information.

  9. Login: If you are ever asked to enter your username and password, you are being asked to enter your login information. A login is a combination of information that authenticates your identity. This could be a name and password or an ID number and security code. Many secure Web sites use login information to authenticate visitors before allowing them access to certain areas of the site. Unlike the words "brush" and "comb," this term should not be used as both a noun and a verb. It should only be used as a noun, (you don't login to a server, you log in to it).


  10. Ribbon: The ribbon is a user interface element created by Microsoft and combines the menu bar and toolbar into a single floating pane. By default, the ribbon is located at the top of the screen in Office applications, such as Access, Excel, PowerPoint, Word, and Outlook. The purpose of the ribbon is to provide quick access to commonly used tasks within each program. Therefore, the ribbon is customized for each application and contains commands specific to the program. Additionally, the top of the ribbon includes several tabs that are used to reveal different groups of commands. For example, the Microsoft Word ribbon includes Home, Insert, Page Layout, References, and other tabs that each display a different set of commands when selected.

  11. Server: As the name implies, a server serves information to computers that connect to it. When users connect to a server, they can access programs, files, and other information from the server. Common servers are Web servers, mail servers, and LAN servers. A single computer can have several different server programs running on it.
  12. Start Menu: The Start menu is the main gateway to your computer's programs, folders, and settings. It's called a menu because it provides a list of choices, just as a restaurant menu does. And as "start" implies, it's often the place that you'll go to start or open things.

  13. Tab: The tab key is located on the left side of the keyboard next to Q. If you are typing in a word processor, pressing Tab will move the cursor to the next "tab stop." Tab stops are fixed horizontal distances that are typically four to eight spaces long. Pressing Tab at the beginning of a line can be used to indent text, such as the beginning of a paragraph in a text document or a line of source code in a program. Pressing Tab between blocks of text can be used to horizontally align words in multiple lines.

  14. URL: Stands for "Uniform Resource Locator." A URL is the address of a specific Web site or file on the Internet. It cannot have spaces or certain other characters and uses forward slashes to denote different directories. Some examples of URLs are http://www.cnet.com/, http://web.mit.edu/, and ftp://info.apple.com/. As you can see, not all URLs begin with "http". The first part of a URL indicates what kind of resource it is addressing.

  15. USB: Stands for "Universal Serial Bus." USB is the most common type of computer port used in today's computers. It can be used to connect keyboards, mice, game controllers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, and removable media drives, just to name a few.

  16. Website: A website, or Web site, is not the same thing as a Web page. Though the two terms are often used interchangeably, they should not be. So what's the difference? To put it simply, a Web site is a collection of Web pages. For example, Amazon.com is a Web site, but there are millions of Web pages that make up the site.


Work Cited

All About Cookies. http://www.allaboutcookies.org/browsers/. Website. 4.30.2015.

PC.net. http://pc.net/glossary/ . Website. 4.30.2015.

Techterms.com. http://techterms.com/definition/ribbon. Website. 4.30.2015.

Windows. http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/start-menu-overview#1TC=windows-7 . Website. 4.30.2015.

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